- Existing-home sales dropped 2% on a seasonally adjusted annual rate from July to August.
- The inventory of unsold homes decreased 1.5% to 1.29 million from July to August – equivalent to 2.6 months of the monthly sales pace.
- The median existing-home sales price rose at a year-over-year pace of 14.9%.
WASHINGTON (September 22, 2021) – Existing-home sales retreated in August, breaking two straight months of increases, according to the National Association of Realtors®. Each of the four major U.S. regions experienced declines on both a month-over-month and a year-over-year perspective.
Total existing-home sales, completed transactions that include single-family homes, townhomes, condominiums and co-ops, fell 2.0% from July to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 5.88 million in August. Year-over-year, sales dropped 1.5% from a year ago (5.97 million in August 2020).
“Sales slipped a bit in August as prices rose nationwide,” said Lawrence Yun, NAR’s chief economist. “Although there was a decline in home purchases, potential buyers are out and about searching, but much more measured about their financial limits, and simply waiting for more inventory.”
Total housing inventory2 at the end of August totaled 1.29 million units, down 1.5% from July’s supply and down 13.4% from one year ago (1.49 million). Unsold inventory sits at a 2.6-month supply at the current sales pace, unchanged from July but down from 3.0 months in August 2020.
The median existing-home price3 for all housing types in August was $356,700, up 14.9% from August 2020 ($310,400), as prices increased in each region. This marks 114 straight months of year-over-year gains.
“High home prices make for an unbalanced market, but prices would normalize with more supply,” Yun said.
New research from NAR – the Homebuilders’ Local Opportunity Index – identifies Spartanburg, S.C.; North Port, Fla.; Knoxville, Tenn.; Wilmington, N.C.; and San Antonio, Texas as the top markets with favorable opportunities for builders. After comparing various indicators, NAR found that homebuilders can build more homes with less risks for their businesses in these areas.
Properties typically remained on the market for 17 days in August, unchanged from July and down from 22 days in August 2020. Eighty-seven percent of homes sold in August 2021 were on the market for less than a month.
First-time buyers accounted for 29% of sales in August, down from 30% in July and 33% in August 2020. NAR’s 2020 Profile of Home Buyers and Sellers – released in late 20204 – revealed that the annual share of first-time buyers was 31%.
“Securing a home is still a major challenge for many prospective buyers,” said Yun. “A number of potential buyers have merely paused their search, but their desire and need for a home remain.”
Moreover, a recent study from NAR found that student loan debt is preventing the majority of non-owner millennials and those making over $100,000 from buying a home.
Individual investors or second-home buyers, who account for many cash sales, purchased 15% of homes in August, even with July but up from 14% in August 2020. All-cash sales accounted for 22% of transactions in August, down from 23% in July and up from 18% in August 2020.
Distressed sales5 – foreclosures and short sales – represented less than 1% of sales in August, equal to the percentage seen a month prior and equal to August 2020.
According to Freddie Mac, the average commitment rate for a 30-year, conventional, fixed-rate mortgage was 2.84% in August, down from 2.87% in July. The average commitment rate across all of 2020 was 3.11%.
Single-family and Condo/Co-op Sales
Single-family home sales decreased to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 5.19 million in August, down 1.9% from 5.29 million in July and down 2.8% from one year ago. The median existing single-family home price was $363,800 in August, up 15.6% from August 2020.
Existing condominium and co-op sales were recorded at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 690,000 units in August, down 2.8% from 710,000 in July but up 9.5% from one year ago. The median existing condo price was $302,800 in August, an annual increase of 10.8%.
“We will continue working with federal policymakers and stakeholders from across the industry in an effort to increase housing supply and ensure the American Dream of homeownership remains accessible to as many people as possible,” said NAR President Charlie Oppler, a Realtor® from Franklin Lakes, N.J., and the CEO of Prominent Properties Sotheby’s International Realty.
New findings from NAR research – the 2021 Q2 Metro Area Wealth Gains Report – showed homeownership is the primary source of wealth among families, but that the pace of price appreciation has outpaced wage gains, making homeownership increasingly unattainable.
Existing-home sales in the Northeast slid 1.4% in August, recording an annual rate of 730,000, a 2.7 decline from August 2020. The median price in the Northeast was $407,800, up 16.8% from one year ago.
Existing-home sales in the Midwest fell 1.4% to an annual rate of 1,370,000 in August, a 2.1% decline from a year ago. The median price in the Midwest was $272,200, a 10.5% jump from August 2020.
Existing-home sales in the South slipped 3.0% in August, registering an annual rate of 2,550,000, down 0.8% from the same time one year ago. The median price in the South was $303,200, a 12.8% climb from one year ago.
Existing-home sales in the West decreased 0.8%, posting an annual rate of 1,230,000 in August, down 1.6% from one year ago. The median price in the West was $507,900, up 11.4% from August 2020.
The National Association of Realtors® is America’s largest trade association, representing more than 1.5 million members involved in all aspects of the residential and commercial real estate industries.
California’s August Real Estate Report
California existing home sales temper in August as market continues to return to normal though statewide median price climbs higher, C.A.R. reports
- Existing, single-family home sales totaled 414,860 in August on a seasonally adjusted annualized rate, down 3.3 percent from July and down 10.9 percent from August 2020.
- August’s statewide median home price was $827,940, up 2.1 percent from July and up 17.1 percent from August 2020.
- Year-to-date statewide home sales were up 21.3 percent in August.
LOS ANGELES (Sept. 16) – Housing demand in California tempered for the fourth consecutive month in August as home sales returned to pre-crisis levels, but the statewide median home price set another record high, the CALIFORNIA ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS® (C.A.R.) said today.
Closed escrow sales of existing, single-family detached homes in California totaled a seasonally adjusted annualized rate of 414,860 in August, according to information collected by C.A.R. from more than 90 local REALTOR® associations and MLSs statewide. The statewide annualized sales figure represents what would be the total number of homes sold during 2021 if sales maintained the August pace throughout the year. It is adjusted to account for seasonal factors that typically influence home sales.
August’s sales pace was down 3.3 percent on a monthly basis from 428,980 in July and down 10.9 percent from a year ago, when 465,400 homes were sold on an annualized basis. August’s sales level was the lowest in 14 months. Despite the monthly and annual sales drop, California home sales remained strong by pre-pandemic standards, maintaining a solid year-to-date increase of 21.3 percent.
“The normalizing market and modestly improving housing inventory in the past few months have created an opportunity for homebuyers who sat out the highly competitive housing market seen over much of the past year,” said C.A.R. President Dave Walsh. “With the highest level of active listings in nearly a year, interest rates expected to stay consistently low, and a dip in multiple offers, now is a good time for discouraged buyers to get back into the game.”
After taking a breather in July, California’s median home price set a new record in August at $827,940 — the fifth record set in six months. The August price was 2.1 percent higher than the $811,170 recorded in July and 17.1 percent higher than the $706,900 recorded last August. The median price in California remained above the $800,000 benchmark for the fifth consecutive month.
“While home sales at the lower end of the market are underperforming due to a lack of supply and the economic uncertainty induced by the COVID resurgence, the higher-priced segments continue to see double-digit sales growth that’s keeping the overall market from moderating too fast,” said C.A.R. Vice President and Chief Economist Jordan Levine. “With interest rates expected to stay low for the rest of the year, sales in California will remain solid by pre-pandemic standards while price growth will likely ease further in the coming months.”
Other key points from C.A.R.’s August 2021 resale housing report include:
- At the regional level, sales in three of the five major regions dipped from a year ago. The Far North region had the biggest year-over-year sales decline (-21.9 percent) in August, primarily due to the Dixie Fire, as four of the six counties in the region are in the fire zone. Southern California (-4.1 percent) and Central Valley (-2.0 percent) also experienced a sales drop from last year, but the declines were more moderate at the regional level. Within the regions, however, sales in some counties dropped more significantly on a year-over-year basis. Riverside (-13.6 percent), San Bernardino (-15.6 percent), Madera (-32.7 percent), and Placer (-13.5 percent) are a few counties that fell by double-digits in August. The sharp declines in these counties could be part of the normalization process, as three of the counties above also experienced double-digit sales surges a year ago. The San Francisco Bay Area (2.5 percent) and Central Coast (0.8 percent) were the only regions that sales increased from last year.
- Nearly three-quarters of all counties — 37 of 51 — tracked by C.A.R. posted year-over-year decreases in closed sales in August, with 23 counties declining by more than 10 percent from last year. Plumas recorded the sharpest sales decline from a year ago at -62 percent, followed by Siskiyou (-44.0 percent), and Amador (-34.8 percent). All of these counties were threatened by wildfires in the last few weeks, and housing demand was negatively affected as a result. Counties that posted sales drops from last year had an average decrease of
-16.6 percent in August. The number of counties that increased in sales year-over-year remained unchanged at 13 compared July. Santa Cruz had the largest gain (41.4 percent) in sales from last year, followed by Yuba (27.8 percent), and Sutter (24.6 percent). Three other counties, including Kern (20.6 percent), San Francisco (13.6 percent), and Santa Clara (10.6 percent) also experienced a double-digit sales gain in the latest month.
- Median prices in all major regions continued to increase by double-digits but none set a new record high in August. The Far North had the largest jump (19.1 percent) year-over-year, followed by Southern California (18.8 percent), the San Francisco Bay Area (18.4 percent), the Central Valley (16.9 percent), and the Central Coast (11.4 percent). Despite the strong price growth rates, all regions decelerated from a few months ago, when regional median prices surged by more than 20 percent year-over-year.
- Home prices continued to grow solidly from last year, with all but two of 51 counties tracked by C.A.R. showing a year-over-year gain from last August. Calaveras had the largest price growth at 27.3 percent, followed by Alameda (26.4 percent) and Del Norte (26.1 percent).Four counties set new record high median prices in August compared to 13 counties in the prior month. Lassen (-17.9 percent) and Monterey (-0.6 percent) were the only counties with a price drop from a year ago.
- After increasing for the past six consecutive months, California’s housing supply leveled off in August as the market transitioned into the off season. The number of for-sale properties dipped slightly from July by 2.6 percent and continued to fall from last year by 10.9 percent. The year-over-year decline was the smallest in two years. New active listings also dipped from a year ago for the second straight month, after growing for four straight months from March through June. The dip in new active listings is partly due to seasonality, but the surge in COVID cases may have played a role as well.
- Two-thirds of all counties reported by C.A.R. experienced a drop in active listings from last August, with 27 of them falling more than 10 percent year over year. Mono had the largest decline in supply from a year ago, falling 44.2 percent from August 2020. Active listings in Santa Barbara (-43.9 percent), Orange (-43.4 percent), San Mateo (-43 percent), Marin (-42.8 percent), and San Luis Obispo (-42.3 percent) also plummeted by more than 40 percent from last August. However, 17 counties experienced an increase in active listings in August, with 11 counties surging by double-digits from a year ago. Merced had the biggest jump (43.9 percent) of all counties, followed by Lassen (32.9 percent), and Stanislaus (29.5 percent). The imbalance between supply and demand continues to heat up the market, with many buyers offering sales bids over the asking price. In August, 67 percent of homes sold above their asking price, making it the 11th consecutive month since September 2020 that more than half of homes sold above their asking price.
- August’s Unsold Inventory Index (UII) was unchanged from 1.9 months in July and was slightly below last year’s level of 2.1 months. The index indicates the number of months it would take to sell the supply of homes on the market at the current rate of sales.
- The median number of days it took to sell a California single-family home inched up from 8 days in July to 9 days in August and was down from 13 days in August 2020. A.R.’s statewide sales-price-to-list-price ratio* was 102.8 percent in August and 100 percent in August 2020.
- The statewide average price per square foot** for an existing single-family home remained elevated. At$395, August’s price per square foot was another all-time high. The price per square foot was $315 in August a year ago.
- The 30-year, fixed-mortgage interest rate averaged 2.84 percent in August, down from 2.94 percent in August 2020, according to Freddie Mac. The five-year, adjustable mortgage interest rate was an average of 2.42 percent, compared to 2.91 percent in August 2020.